What is an industrial robot?

According to Wikipedia: An industrial robot is defined as an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator programmable in three or more axes. The field of robotics may be more practically defined as the study, design and use of robot systems for manufacturing (a top-level definition relying on the prior definition of robot).
Programmability is a key feature of robots, which distinguishes them from mechanical manipulators. This means that the programmed movements or auxiliary functions the robot can change without changing the mechanical structure or control system.
The first industrial robot was Unimate robot weighing 1.8 tons since 1961 "employed" at General Motors in Trenton (USA) at handling high-pressure casting machine. His task was to place weighing several kilograms aluminum auto parts in containers in which they were getting cold. By installing a robot of this hard work they did not have to perform employees working on three shifts. After 10 years and worked 100 thousand hours was given to the Smithsonian Institute.
According to the IFR (the International Federation of Robotics) report in 2013 were sold around 179 000 industrial robots. That's about 12% more than in 2012.


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